Anatomy for Yoga Teachers – Hip Muscles

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Lesson Overview

In this lesson, we introduce the anatomical terminology for hip muscles.


Learn the anatomical terminology and function of hip muscles including anterior muscles (hip flexors and quadriceps), medial muscles (adductors), posterior muscles (hamstrings, glutes) and lateral muscles (rotators).


Describe the functional categories that describe types of hip muscles. Explain the location, function and names of anterior, posterior, medial and lateral hip muscles. List the muscles that make up the hamstrings and those that make up the adductors, the glueteals and the abductors. Describe a potential outcome of tight hamstrings. Explain the location, number, function and best known of the lateral rotators. Describe what strengthens lateral rotators and the potential outcome of a tight piriformis.

Questions Answered Here

  1. What are three different ways that hip muscles are categorized and described?
  2. When classified by location in relation to the hip joint, what are the categories of hip muscles, and which muscles are included in each?
  3. What functional categories describe the types of hip muscles?
  4. What is another way that hip muscles may be categorized?
  5. Where are medial muscles located?
  6. What do they do?
  7. What five muscles make up the adductors?
  8. Where are anterior hip muscles located? What do they do?
  9. Where are the posterior muscles located?
  10. What three muscles make up the hamstrings?
  11. What are some potential consequences of tight hamstrings?
  12. What muscle groups make up the lateral muscles?
  13. What three muscles make up the gluteal muscle group?
  14. Where are hip abductors located? What do they do?
  15. What are some teaching considerations related the posterior muscles?
  16. Describe the lateral hip muscles.
  17. What five muscles make up the external rotators?
  18. What may be the result of a tight piriformis?

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