Knees, Lower Legs, Calves & Feet — Anatomy for Health & Wellness Coaches, Yoga Therapists, Yoga Teachers, Holistic Healthcare Providers

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Lesson Overview

In this lesson, we introduce the anatomy of the knee, lower leg, ankle and foot, plus factors related to tight calves.


Learn anatomical terminology related to the knees, lower legs and feet, plus the causes of tight calves and how to release tension in them.


Describe the characteristics of the knee joint. Name the bones that form the lower leg and the ankle joint. Discuss the muscles that make up the calf. Explain the potential causes for tight calves, the significant impact that releasing tension in the calves can have, and stretches and poses that can help. Name the lateral muscles of the lower leg as well as the foot extensors and foot flexors. Provide the number of bones, joints, muscles and ligaments in each foot. Describe the arches of the foot, their location, and the points that connect them.


achilles tendon, achilles tendonitis, ankle joint, calcaneus, calf muscles, dorsiflexion, eversion (of the foot), femur, fibula, fibularis longus, foot extensors, foot flexors, gastrocnemius, inversion (of the foot), knee joint, lateral arch (of the foot), medial arch (of the foot), patella, peroneus longus & peroneus brevis, plantar fascia, plantar fascia, sesamoid bone, shin splints, soleus talus, tibia, transverse arch (of the foot)

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