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YOGA TEACHING VOCABULARY – Self-Assessment

Introduction

Here you can quickly assess your knowledge of yoga teaching vocabulary, and identify gaps in your understanding.

    • We’ve compiled a comprehensive vocabulary list, plus a list of common Sanskrit components that make up pose names.
    • For briefer quizzes by subject, see the other self-assessments.

Purpose

We offer a series of free quizzes for yoga teachers to:

    1. Make it easy to self-assess knowledge privately.
    2. Help teachers who identify knowledge gaps to bolster their learning with accessible and practical lessons.

More Free Self-Assessments

For more free self-assessments, see the Standards & Self-Assessment Hub.


Quotes indicate the word is in Sanskrit. Links go to the related Member lessons and teaching support.

  1. Abdominal Cavity
  2. Abduction (in anatomy)
  3. “Abhinivesha”
  4. “Abhyasa”
  5. Active Stretching
  6. Adaptation (of yoga practices)
  7. Adaptive Immunity
  8. Adduction
  9. Adenoids
  10. Adrenal Glands
  11. Advaita Vedanta
  12. Aether / Ether
  13. Affirmations
  14. Agonist
  15. Agonist – Antagonist Relationship
  16. “Ajna Chakra”
  17. “Ahimsa”
  18. Allegory of the Cave
  19. Alpha Brain State
  20. Altered State
  21. “Amrita”
  22. “Anahata Chakra”
  23. “Anandamaya Kosha”
  24. Anatomical Position
  25. Anatomy
  26. Angina
  27. “Anjali Mudra”
  28. “Annamaya Kosha”
  29. Antagonist (in anatomy)
  30. Antaranga Yoga
  31. Anterior
  32. Aorta
  33. “Apana Vayu”
  34. “Aparigraha”
  35. Appendicular Skeleton
  36. Arjuna
  37. Arteries
  38. Arthritis & Yoga
  39. Arrhythmia
  40. “Asana”
  41. Ascension
  42. “Ashtanga Yoga”
  43. “Asmita”
  44. “Asteya”
  45. Atherosclerosis / Clogged Arteries
  46. “Atman”
  47. Atria
  48. Aum / Om
  49. Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)
  50. “Avidya”
  51. Awakening Experience
  52. Awareness
  53. Axial Extension
  54. Axial Skeleton
  55. Ayurveda
  56. Backbending Poses 
  57. Backbone
  58. “Bahiranga Yoga”
  59. “Bandha”
  60. Balance (as a theme)
  61. Balancing Poses
  62. Ball and Socket Joint
  63. Beliefs
  64. Belly Brain
  65. Beta Brain State
  66. Bhagavad Gita
  67. Bhakti Yoga
  68. “Bija Mantras”
  69. Binaural Beats
  70. “Bindu”
  71. Biocentrism
  72. Biomechanics
  73. Blood Vessels
  74. Bone Marrow
  75. Body Positivity
  76. Bones
  77. “Brahma”
  78. “Brahman”
  79. “Brahmacharya”
  80. Brain Hemispheres
  81. Brain Wave
  82. Brain Wave States
  83. Breathing
  84. Breathing Issues / Restricted Breathing
  85. Capillaries
  86. Cardiomyopathy
  87. Cardiovascular System
  88. Cell-Mediated Adaptive Immunity
  89. Central Nervous System (CNS)
  90. Cervical Spine
  91. “Chakra”
  92. “Chandra Namaskar”
  93. Change
  94. Changing Perspective
  95. Choice
  96. Chronic Pain
  97. Circulatory System
  98. Clasp Knife Reflex
  99. Classic Inversions
  100. Classical Yoga
  101. Coccyx
  102. Cognitive Bias
  103. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  104. Cognitive Reframing
  105. Collective Experience
  106. Compression
  107. Concentric Contraction
  108. Congestive Heart Failure
  109. Connective Tissue
  110. Conscience
  111. Conscious
  112. Conscious Mind
  113. Conscious Sleep
  114. Consciousness
  115. Consciousness Expansion
  116. Contraindications
  117. Core Belief
  118. Core Engagement
  119. Core Muscles
  120. Core Strengthening
  121. Coronal / Frontal Plane
  122. Coronary Heart Disease
  123. Corpus Callosum
  124. Cosmic Consciousness
  125. Counterpose
  126. Courage
  127. Cultural Appropriation
  128. Cultural Exchange
  129. Darkness
  130. Death
  131. Deep (in anatomy)
  132. Deep Back Muscles
  133. Deep or Intrinsic Back Muscles
  134. Delta Brain State
  135. Detachment
  136. “Dharana”
  137. “Dharma”
  138. “Dharmamegha Samdhi”
  139. “Dhyana”
  140. Diaphragm
  141. Digestive System
  142. Disc Issues
  143. Distal
  144. Dorsal
  145. “Dosha”
  146. “Drishti”
  147. Ductless Glands
  148. Durga
  149. “Dvesha”
  150. Dynamic Stretching
  151. Earthing
  152. Eccentric Contraction
  153. Eight Limbs of Yoga
  154. “Ekagrata”
  155. Elements / “Panchamahabhutas”
  156. Embodiment
  157. Endocrine System
  158. Energy
  159. Entanglement
  160. Enteric Nervous System (ENS)
  161. Epigenetics
  162. Erector Spinae (Spinal Erectors)
  163. Ethics
  164. Exoconsciousness
  165. Extension
  166. External / Lateral Rotation
  167. Facilitated Stretching
  168. Fascia
  169. Fight or Flight Response
  170. Fixator Muscle
  171. Flexibility
  172. Flexion
  173. Forgiveness
  174. Forward Bending Poses
  175. Fractal
  176. Full Inversions
  177. Galt
  178. Ganesha
  179. Gamma Brain State
  180. Gayatri
  181. Genetic (or Biological) Determinism
  182. Generosity
  183. Gheranda Samhita
  184. Glands
  185. Golgi Tendon Reflex
  186. Gonads
  187. Gratitude
  188. Grief
  189. Grounded & Grounding
  190. “Gunas”
  191. Gut-Brain Axis
  192. Habits
  193. Happiness & Joy
  194. Hatha Yoga
  195. Hatha Yoga Pradipika
  196. Headaches & Yoga
  197. Healthy Posture
  198. Heart
  199. Heart Attack
  200. Hero’s Journey
  201. Hinge Joint
  202. Holding Space
  203. Holographic
  204. Holographic Universe
  205. Hormones
  206. Humoral Adaptive Immunity
  207. Holidays & Observations
  208. Hyperarousal or Acute Stress Response
  209. Hyperextension
  210. Hyperkyphosis
  211. Hyperlordosis
  212. Hypertension
  213. Hypnagogia or Hypnagogic State
  214. Hypnosis
  215. Hypnotherapy / Self-Hypnosis
  216. Hypotension
  217. Hypothalamus
  218. “Ida Nadi”
  219. Immune System
  220. Immune & Lymphatic Systems
  221. Immunity & Yoga
  222. Impermanence
  223. Individual Consciousness
  224. Inclusivity
  225. Inferior (in anatomy)
  226. Inflammation & Yoga
  227. Innate
  228. Innate Immunity
  229. Inner Attention
  230. Intention
  231. Intermediate Back Muscles
  232. Internal / Medial Rotation
  233. Intra-Abdominal Pressure (IAP)
  234. Inverse Stretch Reflex
  235. Inversion Poses
  236. Ischemia
  237. “Ishvara”
  238. “Ishvara Pranidhana”
  239. Isometric Contraction
  240. Isotonic Contraction
  241. “Jalandhara Bandha”
  242. “Japa”
  243. “Jivatman”
  244. Jnana Yoga
  245. Joint
  246. Joint Capsule
  247. “Kaivalya”
  248. “Kaivalya Pada”
  249. “Kapha”
  250. “Karana Sharira”
  251. “Karma”
  252. Karma Yoga
  253. “Kirtan”
  254. “Kleshas”
  255. “Kosha”
  256. Krishna
  257. Kriya Yoga
  258. “Kundalini”
  259. Kyphosis
  260. Lakshmi
  261. Lateral
  262. Leukocytes
  263. Letting Go
  264. Ligament
  265. Limiting Beliefs
  266. Lordosis
  267. Lower Crossed Syndrome
  268. Love
  269. Lumbar Spine
  270. Lymph Nodes
  271. Lymph Vessels
  272. Lymphatic Fluid (Lymph)
  273. Lymphatic System
  274. Mahabharata
  275. “Manipura Chakra”
  276. “Manomaya Kosha”
  277. “Mantra”
  278. “Maya”
  279. Medial
  280. Meditation
  281. Melatonin
  282. Microbe
  283. Microbiome (or Gut Microbiome)
  284. Migraines & Yoga
  285. Mild / Partial / Half Inversions
  286. Mindfulness
  287. Mission & Vision
  288. Mitral Valve Prolapse or Regurgitation
  289. Moon Phases
  290. “Mudra”
  291. “Mula Bandha”
  292. “Muladhara Chakra”
  293. Multifidus Muscles
  294. Muscle
  295. Muscle Contraction
  296. Muscle Memory
  297. Muscle Spindle Stretch Receptor
  298. Musculoskeletal System
  299. Myofascia
  300. Myotatic Reflex
  301. Myth
  302. Nada Yoga
  303. “Nadi”
  304. “Namas”
  305. Namaskar / Namaste”
  306. Neck Issues
  307. Nervous System
  308. Neuron
  309. Neutral Pelvis
  310. Neutral Spine
  311. “Nirvana”
  312. “Niyamas”
  313. Noetic Sciences
  314. Non-attachment/detachment
  315. Nonlocality
  316. Non-ordinary State of Consciousness
  317. Normal Curves
  318. Normal Walking Consciousness / Rational Consciousness
  319. “OM”
  320. Origin
  321. Origin & Insertion Points
  322. Overstretching
  323. Pain
  324. “Panca”
  325. “Panchamayakosha” Model
  326. Pancreas
  327. Paradoxical Breathing
  328. “Paramatman”
  329. Parasympathetic Nervous System
  330. Parathyroid
  331. Parinama
  332. Passive Stretching
  333. Patanjali
  334. Pelvic Congestion Syndrome
  335. Pelvic Floor
  336. Peripheral Nervous System
  337. Physics
  338. Physiology
  339. Pineal Gland
  340. “Pingala Nadi”
  341. “Pitta”
  342. Pituitary Gland
  343. Planes of Motion
  344. Poetry
  345. Positive CBT
  346. Posterior
  347. Postural Issues
  348. Posture
  349. Power
  350. “Prakrti”
  351. “Prana”
  352. “Prana Vayu”
  353. “Prana Vayus”
  354. “Pranamaya Kosha”
  355. “Pranayama”
  356. “Pratipaksha Bhavana”
  357. Pratipasava
  358. “Pratyahara”
  359. “Pratyaya”
  360. Pregnancy / Prenatal Yoga
  361. Present Moment Awareness
  362. Prime Mover
  363. Pronation
  364. Prone
  365. Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF)
  366. Proximal
  367. Psoas
  368. Psyche
  369. Psychic Sleep
  370. Psychological Defense Mechanisms
  371. PTSD
  372. Pulmonary Circuit
  373. “Purusha”
  374. Quadratus Lumborum (QL)
  375. Quanta
  376. Quantum
  377. Quantum Mechanics
  378. Quantum Physics
  379. Quantum Theory
  380. “Raga”
  381. Raising Vibration (or Frequency)
  382. “Rajas”
  383. Raja Yoga
  384. Reciprocal Inhibition
  385. Relaxation Response
  386. Renunciation
  387. Research on the Impact of Yoga
  388. Research on Yoga – Brain Structure & Function
  389. Research on Yoga – Immunity & General Health
  390. Research on Yoga – Mental Health
  391. Research on Yoga – Pain, Inflammation & Conditions
  392. Research on Yoga – Trauma
  393. Research Types
  394. Resistance Stretching
  395. Resolutions
  396. Respect & Honor
  397. Respiration
  398. Restorative Yoga
  399. Reverse Breathing
  400. ROM
  401. Rhythms, Flow
  402. Sacred Space
  403. Sacredness
  404. Sacrum
  405. “Sadhana Pada”
  406. Sagittal /Median Plane
  407. “Sahasrara Chakra”
  408. “Samadhi”
  409. “Samadhi Pada”
  410. “Samana Vayu”
  411. “Samkhya”
  412. “Samskara”
  413. “Samyama”
  414. “Sankalpa”
  415. Sanskrit
  416. “Santosha”
  417. “Sattva”
  418. Saraswati
  419. “Satya”
  420. “Saucha”
  421. Sciatica
  422. Scrub (in asana)
  423. Seasonal Yoga
  424. Second Brain
  425. Self-Acceptance
  426. Self-Realization
  427. Sensory Motor Amnesia
  428. Shadow
  429. Shadow Work
  430. “Shakti”
  431. “Shiva”
  432. Shoulder Issues
  433. SI Joints
  434. “Siddhis”
  435. Sleep Issues & Yoga
  436. Sleepless Sleep
  437. “Soma”
  438. Somatic Nervous System
  439. Space, Creating
  440. Spinal Column 
  441. Spinal Conditions
  442. Spinal Cord Reflex Arc
  443. Spinal Movements
  444. Spinal Reflexes
  445. Spine
  446. Spinous Processes
  447. Spiritual Awakening
  448. Spiritual or Mystical Experiences
  449. Spleen
  450. Split Brain Theory
  451. Stabilizer Muscle
  452. Standard Anatomical Position
  453. Standing in Neutral
  454. Static Stretching
  455. “Sthira Sukham Asanam”
  456. Strategic Planning
  457. Stress
  458. Stretch Reflex
  459. Stretch-Related Reflexes
  460. Stretching
  461. Stroke
  462. “Stula Sharira”
  463. Subatomic
  464. Subatomic Phenomena
  465. Subconscious Mind
  466. Subliminal
  467. Subtle Body
  468. “Sukshma Sharira”
  469. Superficial (in anatomy)
  470. Superficial Abdominals
  471. Superficial Back Muscles
  472. Superior (in anatomy)
  473. Supination
  474. Supine
  475. “Surya”
  476. Surya Namaskar
  477. “Sushumna”
  478. Suffering
  479. Supine
  480. Surrender
  481. “Sutra”
  482. “Svadhisthana Chakra”
  483. “Svadhyaya”
  484. Swayback / Hollow Back / Saddle Back
  485. Sympathetic Nervous System
  486. Synergist Muscles
  487. Synovial Joint
  488. Systematic Circuit
  489. “Tantra”
  490. “Tapas”
  491. Tamas
  492. Tendon
  493. Tensile Load / Tensile Strength
  494. Terrain vs Germ Theory
  495. Theta Brain State
  496. Third Eye
  497. Thoracic Cavity
  498. Thoracic Mobility Issues
  499. Thoracic Kyphosis
  500. Thoracic Spine
  501. Thymus
  502. Thymus Gland
  503. Thyroid
  504. Tonsils
  505. Transformation
  506. Transitioning
  507. Transpersonal Psychology
  508. Transverse / Horizontal Plane
  509. Transversus Abdominals (TA)
  510. Trauma
  511. Twisting Poses
  512. “Udana Vayu”
  513. “Uddiyana Bandha”
  514. Unconscious
  515. The Unconscious
  516. Unconsciousness
  517. Unified Field Theory
  518. Unified Theory of Physics
  519. Union
  520. Upanishads
  521. Upper Crossed Syndrome
  522. Vagus Nerve
  523. “Vairagya”
  524. “Vasana”
  525. Vascular System
  526. Varicose Veins
  527. “Vata”
  528. “Vayu”
  529. Vedanta
  530. Vedas
  531. Veins
  532. Venae Cavae
  533. Ventral
  534. Ventricles
  535. Vertebrae
  536. Vertebral Column
  537. “Vibhuti Pada”
  538. Vibhutis
  539. “Vijnanamaya Kosha”
  540. “Vinyasa”
  541. “Vinyasa Krama”
  542. “Vikalpa”
  543. Vishnu
  544. “Vishuddha Chakra”
  545. “Viveka”
  546. “Vritti”
  547. Vulnerability
  548. “Vyana Vayu”
  549. Wheel of the Year
  550. Whole Brain Functioning
  551. Wise Practice
  552. Wrist Issues
  553. “Yamas”
  554. Yin Yoga
  555. “Yoga”
  556. “Yoga Darshana”
  557. “Yoga Nidra”
  558. Yoga Sutras

Sanskrit Components in Pose Names

    1. adho
    2. ardha
    3. asana
    4. baddha
    5. dwi
    6. eka
    7. hasta
    8. janu
    9. jathara
    10. kona
    11. mukha
    12. nirlamba
    13. pada
    14. paripurna
    15. parivrtta
    16. parsva
    17. paschima
    18. prasarita
    19. purva
    20. salamba
    21. sirsa
    22. supta
    23. tri
    24. urdhva
    25. uttana
    26. utthita

Member lesson: Preparing to Use Sanskrit in Teaching


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